Chart of the

History of Israel

as a Kingdom

 

_____

 

 

 

Tobias L. Stockler

 

 

 

 

A Chronological Study of the Kingdom of Israel

 

 

 

0

1079 BC?

Saul anointed 1S 10 & 11

Ishbosheth born 2S 2:10

 

Samuel founds college ST 20, 1882:15

Samuel's administration the best to date ST July13, 1882:1-4

Saul capable ST Oct 19, 1888:9

10

David born 2S 5:4

 

Major reformation under Samuel's leadership, Saul complicates reformation. Jonathan helps reformation more than his father.

20

 

30

 
 

Kingdom in decay ST Sept 7 1888:5-8 Irreligion and godlessness increasing ST Oct 19, 1888:7

35

Mephibosheth born 2S 4:4

Circa38

Samuel dies (as founder and president of college ST Oct. 19, 1888:8) 1S 27:7 ST Nov. 2, 1888:1 ST Nov. 16, 1888:2

40

Death of Saul Acts 13:21

40

David anointed king of Judah 2S 2:1-4

Ishbosheth made king 2S 2:8-10

47

David king of all Israel 2S 2:11 & 5:5 Cabinet named in 2S 8:15-18 & 20:23-26 also 1Ch 18:14-17 David continues reformation.

50

 

60

 

70

 
 

Revolts of Absalom and Sheba 2S 13-20

75

 
 

Solomon's co-regency 1Ch 23:1 Reorganization of Temple & government 1Ch 23-27 RH Oct 5, 1905:7 etc census:1,000,000 1Ch 21:5

79

Rehoboam born 1K14:21 Solomon's first missteps come early

80

David dies 2S 5:4 2K 2:10,11 Solomon's (sole reign) cabinet 1K 4:1-21 Reigns of David & Solomon height of Israel RH Aug 17, 1905:3

84

Temple begun 2Ch 3:2 1K 6:1

90

 

91

Temple finished 1K 6:38

100

 
 

Solomon (1K 11:1-8) and nation apostatize

great commercialization instead of missionary work RH Jan 25, 1906

 

Spiritual decline of Israel rapid RH Feb 1, 1906:5

110

 
 

Ahijah the Shilonoite prophet decade and a half or better

120

Death of Solomon 1K 11:42

 

Jehoida born 2Ch 24:15

120

Rehoboam reigns (17y) 1K 14:21

Rehoboam did right for the first 3 yrs of his reign. This resulted in a trickle styled exodus of Levites and other worshipers of the true God from Israel into Judah. 2Ch 11:17

Jeroboam king (22y) of northern tribes 1K 12:20 Israel ripe for reformation but Jeroboam leads into apostasy instead 1K 12-14, Jeroboam against annual feasts 1K 12:26, 27 Jeroboam tries to create a new culture and worship system in the north so as to prevent his subjects from entering Judah and feeling any loyalty there.

123

Unfortunately Rehoboam loses his spirituality due to his fickle character and pride. For the next two years he and Judah forsook God. 2Ch 12:1,2. Judah did evil 1K 14:22-26

 

125

Judah conquered and subjugated by Egypt, but Judah's leadership humble themselves because of the attack. 2Ch 12:2-12

 

130

   
 

Evil done 2Ch 12:14 idolatry and sodomy 1K 14:22-24

 

137

Rehoboam dies 1K14:21

 

138

Abijam succeeds his father (for 3 yrs) 1K 15:1 2Ch 13:1

 
 

First battle between kingdoms won by Judah for her allegiance to God. 2Ch 13:2-21

Daily services still continue in temple 2Ch 13:10,11

After war Abijam does evil 1K 15:1-8

Jeroboam loses to Judah, 500,000 men die (over half the army). Strong decrease in census. 2Ch 13:15-17

140

Asa king (41 yrs) 1K 15:9 2Ch 14:1 the first ten years of his reign marked by peace 2Ch 14:1

 
 

Asa begins the first reformation in Judah. He removes idols & sodomy but not high places 1K 15:11-15. This reformation included removing his mother from office and destroying her idol. During these years of rest Judean census increased 2Ch 13:3 & 14:8 and military built up 2Ch 14:6-8

 

142

 

Nadab reigns (2y) 1K 15:25

143

 

Baasha reigns (24y) 1K 15:28,33 Baasha follows the course of Jeroboam 1K 14:34. He opposes travel between northern and southern kingdoms 1K 15:17

147

Jehoshaphat born 2Ch 20:31

 

150

War with over 1,000,000 Ethiopians 2Ch 14:9-15 won by faith in God

 
 

Encouraged to further reformation Asa undoes the idolatry and sodomy of rehoboam but not of Solomon apparently 2Ch 15:1-17.

Peace 2Ch 15:10,19

Alter renewed 2Ch 15:8

 
 

Israel (Judah? Both nations combined?) long without God, religious instruction, & without law 2Ch 15:3

Second exodus south (a large exodus) 2Ch 15:9

155

Pentecost(?) kept 2Ch 15:10

 

160

   
   

Hanani a prophet for over a decade with messages for both kingdoms. He prophecies the demise of Baasha 1K 16:1-7

166

 

Elah succeeds his father (2y) 1K 16:8

167

 

Coup by captain Zimri who lasted 7 days 1K 16:10,15

167

 

Omri then gains power 1K 16:15-22

170

   

171

 

Omri reigns 1K 16:23 Omri did worse than predecessors 1K 16:25

   

Statutes of Omri still kept Micah 6:16

 

Benhadad king in Syria 1K16:1-7 2Ch 16:7-10

175

Asa makes error in war with Israel 2Ch 16:1-10 appeal made to treaty of Solomon 1K 15:19

Hanani rebukes Asa (for which he is imprisoned) 2Ch 16:7-10

 

178

 

Ahab succeeds his father (22y) 1K 16:29 cf PK 110:0

179

Asa diseased in feet 2Ch 16:12

 
   

Ahab more evil yet. He was an ardent promoter of Baal worship 1K 16:30-33.

180

   

181

Asa dies and is followed by his son a year later 2Ch 15:13 2Ch 17:1 2Ch 20:31 1K 22:41,42

 

182

Jehoshaphat reigns

 
 

Jehoshaphat removes remnant of sodomites but not high places 1K22:46,43 2Ch 20:33

 

184

Public education campaign, Philistines and Arabians pay tribute, commerce increases 2Ch 17:7-12

 

189

Ahaziah born 2K 8:26

 

190

   
   

Three years without rain terminated at Carmel. 1K 17-19. Reformation begun here that would continue under the labors of Elisha. This reformation gradually developed, the schools of the prophets restored PK 224,254

   

7,000 non-idolaters approximately 0.5-1% of total northern population

195 & 196

 

2 victorious wars with Syria a year apart

   

Naboth's vineyard

199

 

Death of Ahab, followed by son Ahaziah (2y) 1K 22:40,51

200

 

Ahaziah dies, son Jehoram king (12y) 1K 22:51 2K 1:17; 3:1

   

Moab rebels, Jehoram, Jehoshaphat, and Edom subdue it 2K 3. Elisha already a prophet 2K 3:11

 

Further reformation, civil improvements (appointment of judges), battle with Moab, Ammon, etc. (Moab retaliating for previous loss) 2Ch 19 & 20

Education campaign effective but reformation incomplete 2Ch 20:32,33 1K 22:43

 

204

Jehoram joins father as king 2K 8:16

 

206

Death of Jehoshaphat, Jehoram now sole ruler, 1K22:42

 

Circa 208

Elijah sends letter to Jehoram just before ascension 2Ch 21:12-15 PK 213:1

 
   

Elijah ascends 2K 2

   

Hazael murders Benhadad 2K 8:7-15; 9:14,15

   

?Siege of Samaria 2K 6:8-7:20

   

?Naaman 2K 5

 

Edom revolts, Judah rebels 2Ch 21:8,4

 
   

Jehu captain of army PK 214:2

210

   

211

Jehoram dies, Ahaziah king 2K 8:17,24,25; 9:29 (2Ch 22:2 a mistake - Clark)

At Ahaziah's death, his mother, Athaliah, usurps the throne 2K 11:1-3

Elisha has Jehu anointed 2K 9:1-13

Jehu kills Ahaziah, Jehoram, & Jezebel 2K 9&10

Jehu succeeds Jehoram 2K 9:14 etc.

 

Temple still functioning 2Ch 23:4-8

Elisha combines health and educational work with ministry PK 240

217

Joash crowned 2K 11&12:1 to a weaker government, captains of hundreds only cf 2Ch 17:14 with 2Ch 23:1

Jehoiada brings reform 2Ch 23:16-21 Worship of God never formally set aside, but reformation removed Baal worship. PK 216

 
 

Joash had a sense of justice and knew how to use power to accomplish tasks, but he neither knew God firsthand nor depended on Him.

Jehu not personally reformed 2K 10:29-31 6T400 RH 2/10/1885:13 ST 11/20/1884:1-3

Jehu's reformation harsh RH 4/10/1900:10

Jehu not only harsh but self-assured 2T147:1 17MR209:1 ST7/28/1898:5

Church officers not to cut off members like Jehu did 5MR447 12MR113

Syria begins to destroy Israel 2K 10:32,33

But God seems to honor the faulty man anyway 2K 10:30

220

   

230

   

231

Amaziah born

 

238

Temple not restored yet 2K 12:6

Jehu dies 2K 10:35,36 Jehoahaz king 2K 13:1

circa 240

Temple restoration 2K 12:6-16

 

245

   
 

Jehoiada dies @ 130yrs 2Ch 24:15

 

250

   
 

National apostasy 2Ch 24:17-24

Syria continues to undermine Israel 2K 13:3

Israel's military destroyed 2K 13:3

252

 

Joash begins to reign 2K13:10

 

Zechariah son of Jehoiada murdered 2Ch 24:22

Jerusalem sacked by Syrians 2K12:17,18 2Ch 24:23,24

?Samaria also besieged 2K 6:24-7:20

?Syrian border raids ended by Elisha's kindness 2K 6:8-23

?Naaman 2K5

254

Amaziah reigns 2Ch 24:27; 25:1 2K14:1,2

Amaziah improves government 2Ch 25:5

Seems that Amaziah was loyal to God for much of his actual reign 2Ch 26:4

But like his father, Amaziah seems to have been influenced by godliness rather than depending on God personally.

 

255

Uzziah born 2Ch 26:1

 

256

Joash killed 2Ch 24:1,25

Jehoahaz dies 2K13:1

   

Hazael dies, succeeded by son Benhadad 2K 13:22-25

   

Elisha dies of a lingering disease 2K13:14-21

   

?Jonah 2K 14:25

260

   
   

Joash regains cities from Syria as prophesied 2K 13:14-25

268

 

Joash dies 2K 13:10

Jeroboam II reigns 2K14:23

270

   

271

Uzziah made king by people 2K 14:21; 15:8, 13 (2K 15:1 being incomprehensible to me) 2Ch 26:1 (The character of Uzziah is more consistent with the early influence of his father and 2K 14:22 hints that Uzziah reigned before the death of his father.)

 
   

Amos prophecies, Amos 1:1.

 

Major earthquake occurred at some point during the reigns of Uzziah & Jeroboam II, Amos 1:1 & Zech. 14:5.

Jeroboam II followed in the steps of previous Jeroboam 2K 14:23

Jeroboam conquers/ spreads territory of Israel to Hamath, etc. 2K14:25

280

   

283

Amaziah dies 2K 14:1,2,17

 

290

   
 

Uzziah's reign marked by prosperity similar to Jehoshaphat, sadly not so constant to the end. Judah built up militarily (2Ch 26)

Greatest prosperity since Solomon, civil and commercial, but no corresponding spiritual dedication PK 301:1,2

Temple continued but with increased formality and pride.

People continued corruptly 2Ch 27:2 This era seems prosperous but increasingly religiously indifferent.

Jeroboam's reign also prosperous, but idolatrous and very secular.

 

Isaiah possibly born

 

298

Jotham born 2K 25:32,33

 

300

   
   

Hosea prophecies 60(?) yrs. Hosea 1:1 Hosea continued until nearly the captivity of the northern kingdom.

308

 

Jeroboam II dies, succeeded by his son Zechariah for 6 months (he was then murdered) 2K 14:23 & 15:8

309

 

Shallum reigned 1 month until murdered 2K 15:13

Menehem reigns 2K 15:17

310

   
   

Menehem charges heavy tax of wealthy; 60,000 wealthy enough to tax 2K15:19,20.

Menehem cruel 2K 15:16

319

Ahaz born 2K 16:1,2

Meneham dies 2K 15:17,22

320

 

Pekahiah reigns 2K 15:22,23

 

Isaiah prophet for more than six decades PK310:1 Isaiah largely contemporaneous with Hosea.

 

322

Isaiah's vision of ch. 6 (Is6:1)

Uzziah dies 2K 15:2 2Ch 26:3

Pekahiah murdered 2K 15:23,25

Pekah reigns 2K 15:25,27

323

Jotham reigns 2K 15:32 (Jotham previously involved in the government 2K 15:5)

 

328

Hezekiah born 2K 18:2

 

330

   
 

Micah prophecies until the reign of Hezekiah to the northern and southern kingdoms. Micah 1:1

 
 

Under Jotham government continues to prosper but people yet corrupt 2Ch 27:2-6 (This corruption carnal but not necessarily idolatrous)

Ammonites tributary. 2Ch 27:5

Northern Israel taken captive (all Naphtali) 2K 15:29

338

Jotham dies and is succeeded by Ahaz (16y) 2K 15:38; 16:1

 
 

Isaiah chapter 7

 

340

   

342

 

Hoshea murders Pekah 2K 15:20

 

During Ahaz's reign Israel attacked and killed 120,000+ Judeans and took another 200,000 captive temporarily. While the people returned, it seems likely the rest of the spoil did not return with them. Part of Ahaz's cabinet killed also. Edom also took captives, and the Philistines captured territory from Judah. Then Ahaz stopped the temple services.

The reference to Jotham's reign in 2K 15:30 I do not understand. Clark quotes Calmet to suggest that Hoshea gained part of the kingdom in 342 and the entire kingdom in 350. (see Clarks Commentary on 2K 15:30)

350

 

Hoshea reigns 2K 17:1

 

Isaiah chapters 8 - 12 (Isaiah 8:4)

 

353

Isaiah chapters 13 - 14 (Isaiah 14:28)

Ahaz dies 2K 16:2, 20

 

353

Hezekiah reigns 2K18:1 2Ch 28:27; 29:1. Hezekiah depended on God and began a major reformation. 2K 18:3-6. The reformation began immediately after his coronation. And he justified it and urged its necessity by all the misfortunes during his father's riegn. 2Ch 29:1-11. This is a noteworty contrast with his father who closed the temple when misfortune accoured.

 
 

Hezekiah casts off Assyrian loyalties and subjugates Philistines. 2K18:7,8.

 
 

Isaiah ch 15-35.

 

357

 

Siege of Samaria as capital of northern kingdom 2K 17:5.

359

 

Hoshea and Israel taken captive by Shalmaneser the Assyrian 2K 17.

Replaced by Samaritans

360

 

367

8 yrs after taking Israel captive and soon after Hezekiah threw off loyalty to Assyria, Assyria attacks 2K 18:13

Hezekiah healed 2K 20:6 also Is ch 36-39

Prophesied that southern kingdom would go into captivity, but not during Hezekiah's 15 extra years of life. 2K 20:16-18.

370

Manasseh born 2K 21:1

 

Isaiah ch 40-66

380

 

382

Hezekiah dies 2K 18:2

Mannaseh reigns 2K 19:21 & 20:1

390

 
 

Isaiah sawed?

400

 

410

 

415

Amon born 2K 21:19

420

 
 

Jeremiah born?

430

 

431

Josiah born 2K 22:1

437

Mannaseh dies 2K 21:1

Amon reigns 2K 21:18, 19.

439

Amon murdered 2K 21:23, 24.

Josiah reigns (31y) 2K 21:26 & 22:1

440

 
 

Zephaniah prophesies Zeph. 1:1

445

Jehoiakim born 2K 23:36

447

Jehoahaz born 2K 23:31

Josiah begins to seek God 2Ch 34:3

450

 

451

Josiah begins to purge Judah of idolatry 2Ch 34:3

452

Jeremiah begins a long ministry Jer. 1:2

457

Passover 2K 22:3 & 23:23

Ezekiel born ? Ez 1:1

460

 

461

Zedekiah born 2K 24:18

463

Jehoiachin born 2K 24:8

470

Josiah dies 2K 22:1 replaced by son Jehoahaz (popular choice) for 3 mo. 2K23:31

Pharaoh Necho made brother Eliakim (a.k.a. Jehoiakim) vassal king 2K 23:34-36

473

Nebuchadnezzar besieges Jerusalem, Daniel, etc. taken captive Dan. 1:1 as prophesied in Is. 39:7.

474

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon 2K 25:8 & Jer. 25:3.

Histories date at 606, 605, 604.

480

 

481

Jehoiakim dies, succeeded by son Jehoiachin 2K 24:6

Babylon lays siege 2K 24:8-12

482

Jerusalem carried captive 2K 24:12-16

Nebuchadnezzar makes Josiah's son Mattaniah (changed to Zedekiah) vassal king 2K 24:17; 2Ch 36:10

 

Nebuchadnezzar lays a new siege to rebellious city 2K 25:1

487

Ezekiel ch1 Ez 1:2

490

 

493

Zedekiah and remainder of Jerusalem taken captive 2K 25:2-21

500

 

510

 
 

Haggai and Zechariah prophesy during the 2nd yr of Darius